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"Education and awareness is must to improve water and sanitation situation in the country. If we failed to deploy all state mechanisms...."

Top Bahadur Rayamajhi
Minister, Ministry of Local Development 


Traditional Water Sources

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About FRC Print E-mail
Tuesday, 07 August 2007

What is FRC? 

Chlorination is the addition of chlorine in drinking water to destroy the pathogens in water. Chlorine destroys the germs and bacteria that could be present in the water. When chlorine is added into the water, it is initially consumed by the metals, minerals, slime and organic matter in the water. Some amount of chlorine combines with ammonia in water. The chlorine left free after all these reactions in called "Free Residual Chlorine" (FRC).

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends 0.2mg to 0.5mg FRC in 1 litre of drinking water. Nepal Drinking Water Quality Standard 2006 also follows the WHO guideline value.

Presence of FRC in water ensures germ-free water for consumption. Low FRC value (less than 0.2mg per litre) means incomplete destruction of germs in water making it unsafe for drinking. Such water must be treated with household water treatment methods like boiling, filtering, SODIS or use of chlorine solution (Piyush/Water Guard) before consumption.

Instructions for testing the FRC value in water

 1. Collect fresh sample of water flowing from the tap/pipe in the given vial. 2. Put three drops of the FRC reagent in the water
 3. Close the vial 4. Shake the vial 
 5. Match the colour change with the colour chart in the reagent bottles to know the FRC value. 

Instructions for uploading the FRC test data in the website

1. Visit our website http://www.ngoforum.net/
2. Type in your username and password in the login form of the home page.
3. After you are logged in click add new survey data in the NGO Forum survey dialogue box.
4. Type in or select the date of FRC test by clicking the small drop box on the right side of the date column. (You can submit a maximum of five data in five different rows at a time.)
5. Type in the time of FRC test in 24 hour format.
6. Select the respective FRC Value from the drop box.
7. You can click reset to correct any mistakes.
8. Click submit to submit the data.
9. Log out from the site.
(You can see the report of survey by clicking FRC Survey in the main menu of the homepage.)


Last Updated ( Sunday, 08 June 2008 )
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